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Download PDF by James R. Brunet: Drug Testing in Law Enforcement Agencies: Social Control in

By James R. Brunet

Drug checking out has develop into an more and more vital a part of the general public quarter office. For legislation enforcement officials, courts have granted executive employers broad discretion in settling on a drug checking out technique. Brunet seeks to appreciate what leads one legislation enforcement supplier to undertake a extra rigorous checking out application whereas one other abstains from checking out employees altogether. An rising literature on drug checking out as a mechanism of social keep an eye on presents the theoretical base. An research of a pattern of legislation enforcement firms unearths proof that social distance inside of police organisations, the social prestige of officials, and the impact of 3rd events play major roles in shaping a department?s drug trying out coverage.

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The latter type of form includes a third party that acts authoritatively to end a dispute (trilateral). For example, an arbitrator may be asked to settle an impasse in stalled labor-management negotiations. 1). Style is simply a response to deviant behavior. There are four types of style including penal, compensatory, therapeutic, and conciliatory (1976, 4). The penal style focuses on the conduct under question. In societies operating under the penal style, punishment of the “offender” may be justified as a way to discourage future deviant behavior.

Certain types of drug testing (random, for cause) are ethically justified in situations where drug-impaired workers significantly compromise the safety of the public. The morality of universal testing of job applicants and existing employees when worker or public safety is offered as the policy justification is not addressed in this literature. It is difficult to project how moralists would come down on these universal testing strategies. It is not clear how ethicists would negotiate between their discomfort with mass screening and cautious acceptance of testing when safety is the primary issue.

In practice, the courts have considered multiple justifications together. Ethicists have focused on single justifications offered in support of the tests without comment on the moral force of additive justifications. The federal government’s drug testing program, for example, has been sold under all the policy justifications mentioned earlier. Does this shotgun approach improve the ethical standing of the practice? Lastly, the ethicists devote little space as to the morality of drug testing policies that seem to discriminate against a class of job applicants or employees.

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