Archaeology

Download e-book for iPad: Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations by David R. Montgomery

By David R. Montgomery

Airborne dirt and dust, soil, name it what you want--it's all over we pass. it's the root of our life, assisting our toes, our farms, our towns. This interesting but disquieting booklet reveals, even though, that we're operating out of airborne dirt and dust, and it's no guffawing subject. an enticing normal and cultural background of soil that sweeps from old civilizations to fashionable instances, Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations explores the compelling concept that we are--and have lengthy been--using up Earth's soil. as soon as naked of protecting crops and uncovered to wind and rain, cultivated soils erode little by little, slowly sufficient to be missed in one lifetime yet speedy sufficient over centuries to restrict the lifespan of civilizations. A wealthy mixture of background, archaeology and geology, Dirt traces the function of soil use and abuse within the background of Mesopotamia, historic Greece, the Roman Empire, China, eu colonialism, valuable the US, and the yankee push westward. We see how soil has formed us and we've got formed soil--as society after society has risen, prospered, and plowed via a average endowment of fertile dust. David R. Montgomery sees within the fresh upward thrust of natural and no-till farming the desire for a brand new agricultural revolution that will support us keep away from the destiny of earlier civilizations.

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These funds provided for additional analyses and supported the preparation of the current volume. Elizabeth Righter • xxix • Acknowledgments From its inception, the Tutu Archaeological Village project was a community project: a cooperative government–private sector venture that relied entirely upon contributed funding and technical support, and hands-on assistance from volunteers from a wide range of disciplines and all walks of life. Contributions were diverse and ranged from scientific expertise to bubble wrap.

DeBooy’s analysis of fauna from Magens Bay, an enlightened technique for his day, resulted in identification of two extinct species, Isolobodon portoricensis (a hutia) and Nesotrachis deBooyi (a rail), that were food resources for the prehistoric inhabitants of the site (Miller, 1918). See Chapter 4 for a comparison between recently excavated fauna of the Magens Bay site (Elliott, 1990) and the Tutu site. The deBooy investigations were followed by those of Gudmund Hatt, who, with deJosselin deJong, conducted extensive investigations at the same two sites, as well as at the Hull Bay and Krum Bay sites on St Thomas, the Coral Bay site on St John and several other sites in the Virgin Islands (Hatt, 1924; Lundberg, 1989).

A few poorly known postSaladoid sites also are present on Water Island and on Rotto Cay, a small island off the south shore in Mangrove Lagoon. The Tutu site, which contains both Saladoid and late Ostionoid components, is the only known major inland prehistoric settlement on St Thomas. 3 Major prehistoric sites of St Thomas, USVI (graphic by Julie Smith). THE CURRENT VOLUME AND ITS CONTENTS Chapter 1 of this volume describes the background of the project, research rationale and field methods. It also describes samples collected and provides an overview of findings.

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