Linguistics

Download e-book for iPad: Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics (6th Edition) (The by David Crystal

By David Crystal

Publish yr note: First released in 1985
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David Crystal's A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics has lengthy been the normal single-volume reference for its box. Now to be had in its sixth edition, it's been revised and up-to-date to mirror the newest phrases within the field.

• comprises in way over 5,100 phrases, grouped into over 3,000 entries
• assurance displays concepts via a staff of specialists in phonetics, phonology, syntax, semantics, sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics, making it really comprehensive
• contains new principles stemming from the minimalist program
• encompasses a separate desk of abbreviations and desk of symbols, in addition to an up-to-date foreign Phonetic Alphabet
• Updates entries to mirror the best way demonstrated phrases at the moment are perceived in mild of adjustments within the box, delivering a special perception into the old improvement of linguistics
• continues to be the normal single-volume reference for the sphere of linguistics and phonetics.

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Extra info for Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics (6th Edition) (The Language Library)

Sample text

Healp becoming helped. See also exemplar, levelling. ) A term used in generative grammar to refer to the characteristic of a string in relation to a transformation. If the string meets the structural description (SD) of the transformational rule, it is said to be ‘analysable’, and the rule is thereby applicable. For example, for the passive rule to operate (in one formulation), the following SD is required: NP–Aux–V– NP. A string such as the boy is kicking the ball would thus be ‘analysable’, with respect to this rule; the boy has gone, on the other hand, would not meet the SD of the rule, and would thereby be unanalysable.

How the brain resolves ambiguities is an important goal of psycholinguistic research. One of the issues in semantic discussion has been to circumscribe the notion of ambiguity so that it is not used in too broad a way. The term needs to be distinguished, in particular, from ‘generality’ of meaning. The word parent, for example, has one reading synonymous with mother and a second reading synonymous with father, but this is not a case of ambiguity because parent has a single, more general meaning which subsumes the two possibilities.

In this system they contrast with two other types of process predicate (achievement and activity) and with state predicates. ) (acc, ACC) In languages which express grammatical relationships by means of inflections, this term refers to the form taken by a noun phrase (often a single noun or pronoun) when it is the object of a verb. In Latin, for example, I see the man would be Video hominem and not *Video homo, and hominem would be referred to as being ‘in the accusative case’. linguists emphasize that it can be misleading to use such terms as ‘accusative’ in languages which do not inflect words in this way.

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