By Hakan Ringbom
This ebook explores the significance of cross-linguistic similarity in international language studying. Similarities might be perceived within the type of simplified one-to-one relationships or purely assumed. The ebook outlines the several roles of L1 move on comprehension and on creation, and on shut and far away aim languages.
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Extra info for Cross-linguistic Similarity in Foreign Language Learning (Second Language Acquisition)
Excluding loanwords, Finnish tolerates clusters of consonants only medially, not in initial or final positions in the word. Morphologically there are considerable differences between Finnish and the Germanic languages. Where Swedish and English use independent words (prepositions, pronouns, auxiliaries, adverbs), Finnish tends to use case endings, verb endings, possessive suffixes or enclitic particles. A striking characteristic of Finnish is its highly developed nominal case system. Foreign learners of Finnish are often taken aback when they hear that there are some 15 cases of the noun in Finnish.
See further, for example, Albert and Obler (1978: 57); Henning (1973); Joannopoulou (2002: 40); Meara (1978). 32 MLM Ringbom Proof 2d 19 October 2006 12:35:19 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen Cross-linguistic Similarities in Comprehension and Production: 29 Notes 1. ). However, this cannot be taken as evidence for production preceding comprehension, since both elements of the compound must have been in the learner’s L2 repertoire from before. Cf. what D. ’ Eckman (1981) makes the point that this may not always be the case in phonology, but the relation between the motor-perceptual skills of sound recognition and sound production may be different from the overall skills of language comprehension and production.
The Finns’ receptive competence in Swedish is, of course, much better than their production of it. 44 MLM Ringbom Proof 2d 19 October 2006 12:35:19 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen Chapter 6 Tests of English Comparing Finnish and Swedish Speakers in Finland The language situation in Finland means that it provides an excellent field for bilingual and multilingual research, and a particularly interesting research area is how Finnish and Finland-Swedish learners differ in their learning of a third language such as English.