By Jessica Woodhams, Craig Bennell
The expanding portrayal of forensic investigative concepts within the renowned media—CSI, for instance, has led to criminals changing into "forensically conscious" and extra cautious approximately forsaking actual proof at a criminal offense scene. This offers legislation enforcement with an important challenge: how can they become aware of serial offenders in the event that they can't depend upon actual forensic proof? One answer comes from psychology. A starting to be physique of study has gathered within the sector of behavioral consistency and the detection of serial offenders. a couple of options are happening within the box that experience very important implications for the perform of crime linkage and its use via police and the courts. Crime Linkage: concept, study, and Practice assembles this learn and discusses its sensible use.
- Theoretical motives for the way, whilst, and why we may well (or won't) see similarities in a person’s crime scene behavior
- Consistency and uniqueness in sexual offending
- An assessment of crime linkage study performed to date
- The use of crime linkage within the uk, South Africa, and the United States
- New instructions for learn and perform, together with linking throughout crime kinds to extend the suspect pool
- The variety of statistical equipment utilized in examine of crime linkage principles
The booklet represents a collaboration of researchers and practitioners from around the globe who're famous as specialists within the sector of behavioral consistency and detection of serial offenders. they supply a complete and informative textual content at the mental and criminological theories underpinning crime linkage, the way it is utilized in perform, the demanding situations practitioners face, and present recommendations that might form the way forward for crime linkage study and practice.
This publication is within the Advances in Police concept and Practice sequence.
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Additional resources for Crime Linkage: Theory, Research, and Practice
If this is true, within the datasets of criminal events used for crime linkage research, it is possible that each series represents situations of at least some psychological similarity. Beyond these differences between the fields of personality and investigative psychology, there is also another methodological issue that is important to discuss. As explained above, personality psychologists often measure behavioral consistency in terms of how someone responds to situations in reference to the rest of the cohort (rank-order consistency).
The commonly referenced CAPS was described to illustrate how situational cues are processed to produce behavior and how this might apply to criminal behavior. This model, and other theory developed by personality psychologists, suggests several conditions under which we might expect to see greater behavioral consistency. , 2007), an examination of these conditions is warranted because they may well impact the efficacy of crime linkage practice. That being said, although theory and research from personality psychology provide a useful means for reflecting on existing crime linkage research and considering future avenues of investigation, there are fundamental differences between how research is conducted by personality psychologists and how research can be conducted by investigative psychologists given the serious constraints within which crime linkage researchers work.
2006). The use of linkage analysis as evidence in the conviction of the Newcastle serial murderer, South Africa. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 3, 183–191. , & Hollin, C. R. (2007). Case linkage: Identifying crimes committed by the same offender. In R. N. ), Criminal profiling: International theory, research, and practice (pp. 117–133). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press. , & Grant, T. (2006). Developing a categorization system for rapists’ speech. Psychology, Crime & Law, 22, 245–260.