Archaeology

Download e-book for kindle: Cosa III: The Buildings of the Forum: Colony, Municipium, by Frank Edward Brown, Emeline Richardson, L. Richardson

By Frank Edward Brown, Emeline Richardson, L. Richardson

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Extra resources for Cosa III: The Buildings of the Forum: Colony, Municipium, and Village

Sample text

The opening to the Forum must have been finished at least with jambs, and evidently with a gate, perhaps with some more elaborate entrance, since there is evidence of considerable damage to the wall in the tearing out of these members at a later time. And in the center of the circular floor must already have stood that small central fixture, the focus of the whole, whose disappearance is so tantalizing (page 19). From the evidence preserved it is not possible to reconstruct the little building that originally stood behind the enclosure in more than its general lines, but since much of the original building was incorporated in a subsequent rebuilding, and since where changes were made they seem to have been largely rebuildings in stone masonry along the lines of a preceding temporary structure, we are perhaps justified in an attempt at reconstruction employing elements of the second building where other evidence is lacking.

13,510 square meters) or about 513iugera. It included the lowest slopes of the twin summits of the town-site on the SW and E and gentle declivities toward the N and S. Its SE end was traversed by Street Q, part of which was later incorporated into one of the porticoes of the Forum Square. The area included one of the four large reservoirs that impounded ing of the Forum and as a central public reserve. Occupying approximately onetenth of the town-site, the Forum shows the planners' conception of a civic center that would serve not only the citizens residing in the town, probably about twelve percent of the whole, but also the others who dwelt in their colonial territory.

This is probably not due to inept engineering, but to the working of a limestone sink near its N corner. There is no trace of any connecting pipe or gutter to carry the flow from the NW side of the floor to the Reservoir; instead there is a narrow trapezoidal space intervening between the SE side and the NW end of the cistern that seems to have been left deliberately to permit insertion there of a collecting gutter, probably of metal. No wall closes the floor on the SE side, and examination of the NW wall shows that no wall bonded in its lower parts was later removed, and indeed such a wall bonded only in its upper parts could hardly have been removed without damage to the flanged floor edge, which instead was here found beautifully fresh and whole, except at the S corner, where it was damaged by the rebuilding of the SW wall.

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