By T. R. McClanahan, C. R. C. Sheppard, D. O. Obura
Obtainable and complicated, coral reefs are perfect ordinary laboratories for learning quite a lot of ecological and organic questions. This assortment specializes in the Indian Ocean and the crimson Sea, which include the most extraordinary reefs stumbled on at any place and that are quite little studied. it is going to attract a vast variety of researchers in ecology and may be a vital source for someone learning reefs.
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Extra info for Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean: Their Ecology and Conservation
R. 1965. The shape of atolls. Marine Geology 3:369-383 general pattern is, therefore, robust, although further sampling in several sites may influence details. Several of the most distinct clusters are the subject of separate chapters in this volume. The Red Sea is a relatively homogeneous basin in terms of species presence, though it contains marked environmental gradients along its length (59). The Arabian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, and Arabian Sea is out on a limb, like the Red Sea only more so, as is reflected by its lower diversity.
Fagoonee, I. 1983. Why is the Indian Ocean considered less productive? Unpublished manuscript. Gland: IUCN Pathmarajah, M. 1982. Pollution and the Marine Environment in the Indian Ocean. E. 1987. Monsoon variability over the past 150,000 years. J. 1992. Marine Ecology of the Arabian Area. Patterns and Processes in Extreme Environments. London: Academic Press Western Indian Ocean Tropical Marine Habitats The tropical Indian Ocean, like other tropical oceans, is only 'tropical' in its uppermost 50 or 100 meters of water (56).
In the north, dense beds of seagrasses are limited to sheltered shallow sites and to scattered patches on reef flats. As shallow shelf conditions increase towards the south, reef development declines and seagrasses (with macroalgae) increase. Sites along the coast of Africa, India and Sri Lanka similarly have mixtures of both corals and seagrasses (38). Commonly an abrupt transition in dominant species takes place which can be ascribed to a sudden deepening of the substrate on a reef flat, for example.