By Li Wei, Vivian Cook
Written by means of the world over well known teachers, this quantity presents a photo of the sphere of utilized linguistics, and illustrates how linguistics is informing and interesting with neighbouring disciplines. The participants current new study within the 'traditional' components of utilized linguistics, together with multilingualism, language schooling, teacher-learner relationships, and review. It represents the simplest of present perform in utilized linguistics, and should be important to scholars and researchers trying to find an outline of the sphere.
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Extra resources for Contemporary Applied Linguistics: Volume One Language Teaching and Learning
M. (1998), Study Strategies for Lifelong Learning. Washington, D. : American Psychological Association. Wenden, A. (1987), ‘Conceptual background and utility’, in A. Wenden and J. Rubin (eds), Learner Strategies in Language Learning. London: Prentice Hall, pp. 3–13. Wharton, G. (2000), ‘Language learning strategy use of bilingual foreign language learners in Singapore’, Language Learning, 50, (2), 203–243. , Schramm, K. and Chamot, A. U. (2007), ‘Research methods in strategy research: Re-examining the toolbox’, in A.
Cook (2002) also strongly advocates the term ‘user’ and goes one step further by proposing the substitution of ‘L2 user’ for ‘L2 learner’, pointedly claiming that many ‘L2 users’ can no longer be considered perennial learners of the language, as they have full right to be considered legitimate users of an L2 variety of the language. Finally, this is in line with current discussions on the role of English as a Lingua Franca at international levels, and the need for all users of English to interact in a mutually intelligible way, thus rendering the labelling of ‘native’ and ‘non-native’ useless, and bringing a new dimension of proficiency at the international level, as expressed in Modiano’s (1999) reformulation of Kachru’s (1981) concentric circles.
But, in so doing, researchers attempt to control for many factors. They ask themselves, how is it that A and B started learning German at the same time, had the same teacher, were present in class for the same amount of time, appeared to be equally attentive and motivated, produced the same amount of work, and yet and yet . . they are not achieving equally in the work or the test the teacher gives them? Let us now look at the use of the word ‘success’. There is no standard definition of what we mean by a successful learner, either in the educational or applied linguistics research literature.