By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop
Every year, 740 000 humans die due to armed violence. It more and more exploits a hyperlink among clash and crime and undermines our probabilities of achieving the Millennium improvement targets. This ebook may help relief donors - either coverage advisors and programme employees - to remodel sturdy phrases into reliable programmes which could eventually aid lessen armed violence globally. desk of content material : government precis advent bankruptcy 1. what's Armed Violence? bankruptcy 2. Armed Violence tendencies and Programming Gaps bankruptcy three. Armed Violence relief (AVR) and Prevention and the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy four. exams: using the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy five. Programming Implications and methods Annex A. AVR and different OECD-DAC Priorities Annex B. Examples of local tools for AVR Annex C. extra Examples of oblique Programming Bibliography
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Additional resources for Conflict and Fragility Armed Violence Reduction: Enabling Development
ARMED VIOLENCE REDUCTION: ENABLING DEVELOPMENT – ISBN 978-92-64-06015-9 – © OECD 2009 40 – 2. 2 Development policy and programming gaps The emerging trends in armed violence reveal a number of development policy and programming gaps: Gap 1: Inadequate capacity to deal with the convergence of conflict and criminal violence – Donor programming frameworks and procedures are seldom adequately equipped to address the linkages between conflict and criminal violence. Specifically, they struggle to develop programming options that can suitably target the (informal) relationships between state and non-state armed actors on the one hand, and transnational systems of organised crime, and their attendant political economies, on the other.
In non-conflict settings, high levels of armed homicide and crime can be motivated by social exclusion and other factors of underdevelopment (in Jamaica, for example). Beyond this, many armed violence incidents go unreported, especially in developing contexts and by those afflicted by armed violence, where reporting systems are often weak. , 2003. See also Suhrke and Samset, 2007 for an examination of these trends. Research shows that societies emerging from conflict suffer from widespread psychological trauma and higher levels of normalised violence.
Knowledge of how armed violence affects women and development is not well understood. Impacts tend to be hidden in the power structures that marginalise and restrict women’s voices and participation. More research is needed to understand the full range and weight of consequences for individual women, as well as their families, communities and societies. , 2005; Amnesty International, IANSA and Oxfam International, 2005; IANSA, 2006. 7 When husbands are killed, women frequently lose their access to farmlands and the right to live in their marital homes.