Archaeology

William C Prentiss's Complex Hunter Gatherers (Anthropology of Pacific North PDF

By William C Prentiss

The Plateau quarter of the Pacific Northwest witnessed the emergence, endurance, and decline of a various array of hunter-gatherer groups through the process a prior a number of thousand 12 months interval. hence, the sector comprises an archaeological list of teams who lived from time to time in everlasting villages, hired advanced source procurement and processing suggestions, participated in wide-ranging alternate networks, and maintained social enterprises that includes excessive levels of social inequality.Complex Hunter-Gatherers offers a vast synthesis of the archaeology of the Plateau, consisting of the Columbia and Fraser-Thompson drainages. The members search to extra our knowing of the character of prehistoric social association, subsistence practices, and lifeways of these residing at the Plateau, and to extend upon this starting place to appreciate the evolution and association of complicated hunter-gatherers in general. 

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Example text

These housepits no longer exist. (Alexander 1992:135; Ray 1939:137–140; Teit 1900: 195–196, 1909:494). These temporary dwellings were used during the Kamloops horizon, but identification of their floors is difficult because little or no intentional soil displacement was involved in construction. Excavated matlodge depressions at Botanie Lake near Lytton (Antiquus Archaeological Consultants Ltd. 1999) yielded an assemblage resulting from the production and resharpening of flake tools used to harvest and process abundant plant food resources (Turner et al.

8). Highly mobile hunting and opportunistic gathering peoples participating in the latter part of the Lehman phase were confronted by an ever shrinking and lowering grassland habitat with a concomitant expansion of conifer and deciduous forests. How these gradual climatic and environmental changes directly influenced the Lehman phase still remains unclear. P. Several contributory factors were involved in the shift from Lehman phase mobile hunting and intensive foraging to the increased sedentism and greater dependence on a more logistically organized “collector” adaptive pattern characterizing the Lochnore phase.

In contrast to the large pithouses of the preceding Shuswap horizon, there was a widespread shift to smaller houses during the Plateau horizon because of several factors. First, population growth was rapid, which imposed overharvesting stresses that negatively affected availability, abundance, and the regeneration of major local and upland food resources. This would have promoted and encouraged nuclear families (five–ten people) as the basic economic and social unit, for they are much easier to maintain than larger extended-family groups.

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