By United Nations
The struggle opposed to the proliferation of small fingers and lightweight guns is among the key priorities at the peace and defense time table of West African states. West African armed and defense forces have an immense function to play during this struggle and this very important functionality can simply be fulfilled if and once they are legally, morally and professionally ready to do their activity. This guide defines a handy framework from which such education may be carried out.
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In fact we speak of "human rights", without referring to a nationality or any other specific consideration. This means that these are rights that all human beings have, whatever their origin. Indeed, if human rights can sometimes be described as "natural", if they have existed since the dawn of man, this means, logically, that they cannot be dependent on anything else. In this way, the very title of the first Declaration by the United Nations General Assembly on this issue is the "Universal Declaration of Human Rights" ( l 948).
The adjective "human" reflects the extension of the concept of security to the individual. For a long time peace was essentially considered as the absence of war and international security as synonymous with the absence of a military threat. Hence peace meant first and foremost that weapons were silent. If there was no armed confrontation, then peace was considered to prevail. The United Nations itself long held to this concept of international peace and security. The system of "collective security" established by the Charter rests on the idea that threats to peace cannot be other than threats of war or armed aggression.
All of these institutions receive support from PCASED. In implementing the policy for controlling the proliferation of light weapons, the Code of Conduct lists the following areas of priority: Information exchange; Harmonization of legislation and administrative measures; Peace operations weapons register; Exemptions; Visitor certificates recording the possession of weapons in the area covered by the Moratorium (arts. 6-10). The operational priorities are: Intra- and inter-state cooperation; Enhancing border controls; Collection and destruction of surplus weapons (arts.