By A. Philippu, H. Matthaei (auth.), U. Trendelenburg, N. Weiner (eds.)
Catecholamines are vital transmitter components within the autonomic and principal frightened structures. those volumes offer a accomplished presentation of the state of the art of catecholamine study and improvement long ago 15 years. The volumes current in-depth studies of topical parts of catecholamine examine within which big growth has been made and that are of present curiosity to numerous theoretical and medical disciplines. every one subject has been handled through a longtime specialist. scientific topics of correct significance are integrated. Catecholamines are of curiosity in pharmacology, body structure, biochemistry, in addition to in neurology, psychiatry, inner drugs (cardiology, high blood pressure, asthma), ophthalmology and anesthesiology.
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Additional resources for Catecholamines I
Uptake of catecholamines was also found, when a diffusion potential was produced by addition of potassium ions and valinomycin to the incubation medium. The potential-driven uptake of catecholamines had a pH optimum similar to that of ATP-induced uptake and it was inhibited by reserpine (NJUs and RAnDA 1979). 1p of the electrochemical gradient (see Sect. b) is responsible for the uptake of catecholamines and 5-HT into chromaffin granules. When membranes of chromaffin granules were suspended in a medium containing chloride, addition of ATP established a proton concentration gradient, but no transmembrane potential was generated.
Storage in Synaptic Vesicles The molecular ratio catecholamineslATP is higher in noradrenaline-storing vesicles than in chromaffin granules. In a mitochondria-poor population of vesicles of splenic nerves the molecular ratio was found to be higher than 7 (DE POTIER et al. 1970; LAGERCRANTZ and STJARNE 1974; YEN et al. 1976). Moreover, at 37°C the rate of spontaneous release of ATP is much lower than that of catecholamines, thus leading to further increase of the molar ratio during incubation (EULER et al.
Changes in 111p andlor A pH influence the movement of the carrier and consequently the transport of catecholamines. Reserpine (RES) binds to the carrier, thus inhibiting the transport of catecholamines ever, the concentrations of the agent needed to elicit these effects are too high to permit any meaningful speculation concerning the mechanism of action of chlorpromazine or other phenothiazines as antipsychotic agents. tp is indispensable for ATP synthesis in membrane ghosts (ROISIN et al. 1980).