Archaeology

Read e-book online Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology PDF

By Elizabeth J. Reitz, Lee A. Newsom, Sylvia J. Scudder

The goal of Case reports in Environmental Archaeology is to focus on reviews addressing major anthropological concerns within the Americas from the viewpoint of environmental archaeology. Environmental archaeology encompasses the applying of organic and geological ideas to the learn of human/environmental interactions. each one bankruptcy is an unique or revised paintings by way of internationally-recognized geoarchaeologists, human biologists, paleoethnobotanists, and zooarchaeologists. each one examine demonstrates how and why the knowledge bought utilizing environmental options is necessary to anthropologists rather than describing, critiquing, or advocating a mode. those ethnographic, geological, and organic case experiences effectively show the appliance of environmental technology towards the answer of questions concerning human habit within the past.

This moment version is predicated at the 1996 publication of a similar identify. The editors have invited again a few members from the 1st version to revise and replace their bankruptcy. in addition they have incorporated new experiences so that it will disguise fresh advancements within the box or extra pertinent themes. additionally it is a separate index directory the clinical and vernacular names of crops and animals referenced within the volume.

These case reviews current examples from websites in North the USA, the Caribbean, and South the US. a few of the key issues addressed during this special quantity comprise: Systemic relationships among humans and the actual environments and paleoenvironments during which they reside; Relationships between landscapes, source use, residential styles, and political alliances; matters related to human foodstuff, wellbeing and fitness, mobility, sedentism, plant and animal domestication, vitamin, and alternate; Subsistence concepts and source availability; Intra-community social family members, rural/urban relationships, ethnic identification, and the improvement of social complexity.

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Extra info for Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology

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In other words, different kinds of domestic mammals were dominant in the colonial diet depending on their suitability for a particular region, regardless of their traditional uses in a European homeland. On the southeastern Atlantic coastal plain, for example, cattle (Bos taurus) were more abundant than pigs (Sus scrofa) in both English and Spanish sites, and caprines (Caprinae, goats [Capra hircus], sheep [Ovis aries]) were rare, reflecting varying degrees of suitability of these species to regional environmental conditions (Kelso 1984; Reitz 1986a; Reitz and Honerkamp 1983; Reitz and Zierden 1991).

Balancing methodology and interpretation is difficult, but these case studies show that achieving this goal is possible and worth the effort. It is not the aim of these chapters to describe environmental materials or critique the ENVIRONMENTAL ARCHAEOLOGY 17 biases and methodologies of environmental archaeology. Ample literature is available for studies traditionally encompassed within environmental archaeology and these are cited where appropriate. The purpose of these studies is to explore larger anthropological issues, hoping to encourage students and colleagues alike to look beyond the technical details of each specialty.

1982, Nutritional Inference from Paleopathology, in: Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 5 (M. B. ), Academic Press, New York, pp. 395–474. Larsen, C. , 1997, Bioarchaeology: Interpreting Behavior from the Human Skeleton, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Loy, T. , 1994, Methods in the Analysis of Starch Residues on Prehistoric Stone Tools, in: Tropical Archaeobotany: Applications and New Developments (J. G. ), Routledge, London, pp. 36–114. , and Rowley-Conwy, P. ), 1994, Whither Environmental Archaeology?

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