Quantity 11a at the biotechnology of wastewater is succeeded through the second one of 3 volumes on environmental strategies: quantity 11b provides a profound review of the decontamination of soil.
half I bargains with basic features of soil decontamination. Microbial basics and specific degradation tactics are handled partially II, and analytical thoughts and strategies of soil clean-up are awarded partially III.
Chapter 1 infected Soil parts, diversified international locations and Contaminants, tracking of Contaminants (pages 5–41): Wolfgang Ulrici
Chapter 2 Characterization of the Geological and Hydrogeological state of affairs, results on typical Geochemical limitations and Remediation (pages 43–59): Wilhelm G. Coldewey and Christoph Klinger
Chapter three Bioavailability of Contaminants (pages 61–88): Bernd Mahro
Chapter four “Humification” technique or Formation of Refractory Soil natural topic (pages 89–125): Matthias Kastner
Chapter five Ecotoxicological evaluation (pages 127–141): Adolf Eisentrager and Kerstin Hund
Chapter 6 cardio Degradation by way of Microorganisms (pages 144–167): Wolfgang Fritsche and Martin Hofrichter
Chapter 7 rules of Anaerobic Degradation of natural Compounds (pages 169–192): Bernhard Schink
Chapter eight Bacterial Degradation of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons (pages 193–209): Johann E. T. van Hylckama Vlieg and Dick B. Janssen
Chapter nine Degradation of fragrant and Polyaromatic Compounds (pages 211–239): Matthias Kastner
Chapter 10 Degradation of Chlorinated Compounds (pages 241–271): Catrin Wischnak and Rudolf Muller
Chapter eleven Microbial Degradation of Compounds with Nitro services (pages 273–302): Karl?Heinz Blotevogel and Thomas Gorontzy
Chapter 12 Thermal tactics, Scrubbing/Extraction, Bioremediation and Disposal (pages 304–317): Michael Koning, Karsten Hupe and Rainer Stegmann
Chapter thirteen Bioremediation with Heap strategy (pages 319–328): Volker Schulz?Berendt
Chapter 14 Bioreactors (pages 329–347): Rene H. Kleijntjens and Karel Ch. A. M. Luyben
Chapter 15 In situ Remediation (pages 349–370): Thomas Held and Helmut Dorr
Chapter sixteen Degradation by means of crops — Phytoremediation (pages 371–384): Jerald L. Schnoor
Chapter 17 Phytoremediation of Metals (pages 385–397): David E. Salt and Alan J. M. Baker
Chapter 18 complex in situ Bio?Remediation — A Hierarchy of expertise offerings (pages 399–414): Ronald Unterman, Mary F. Deflaun and Robert J. Steffan
Chapter 19 program of Immobilized Microorganisms in Soil Decontamination (pages 415–423): Hans?Jurgen Rehm
Chapter 20 Bacterial task Enhancement and Soil Decontamination (pages 425–439): Fu?Min Menn, James P. Easter and Gary S. Sayler
Chapter 21 Genetically Engineered Microorganisms and Bioremediation (pages 441–463): Fu?Min Menn, James P. Easter and Gary S. Sayler
Chapter 22 percentages, Limits and destiny advancements of Soil Bioremediation (pages 465–476): Jurgen Klein
Chapter 23 Sampling and research of good topic (pages 477–507): Michael Roemer
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Additional info for Biotechnology: Environmental Processes II, Volume 11b, Second Edition, Second Edition
4 Legislative Status The legislative status varies considerably from one state to the next. It largely reflects the political sensitiveness for the soil contamination issue. In this context, one should note the situation in the states of Australia and Canada which are organized along federal lines. Here, the federal states/provinces agreed on common principles for dealing with contaminated sites, at the level of the state environment ministers that are relatively loosely coordinated by central environmental agencies.
8. Priority Setting State Decision Making Technical Political Techno- Market Political Australia Austria Remarks X X X X Denmark x X Federal Republic of Germany X X TheNetherlands x Norway x CSOIL model in use X (XI NCS change of priorities possible according to Loss-of-Value Act X X multi-level decision making scheme X France Japan X X Belgium/ Flanders Canada ComputerAssisted United Kingdom priority for agricultural land X X X CSOIL model; HESP program based on CSOIL market driven by needs of developing industry and commerce X X HRS; PRESCORE X PEA; CALTOX; walk-in program USA (national) X California x Minnesota x X VIC program New Jersey x X market established through ECRA; MOA voluntary clean-up program NewYork x X voluntary clean-up program X X x: item fully applies to every case (x): item is restricted to particular cases such as: - recommended, but not generally practiced - applied only to particular affected groups, exempting others - applied only under certain specific circumstances 24 1 Contaminated Soil Areas, Different Countries and Contaminants, Monitoring of Conturninants Tab.
3 Influence of Soil Properties Processes in the upper soil layers influence the composition of the percolating precipitation water, among them hydrolysis reactions of the silicate particles. Also, there can be an enrichment with biological decomposition products like carbon dioxide gas (CO,) and humic acids. These processes influence the hydrochemical conditions in the percolating water and, consequently, the mobilization properties for contaminants, particularly in the unsaturated zone. , acid rain, is also of importance.