By Paul Vos, George Garrity, Dorothy Jones, Noel R. Krieg, Wolfgang Ludwig, Fred A. Rainey, Karl-Heinz Schleifer, William B. Whitman
Includes a revised taxonomic define for the Firmicutes dependent upon the SILVA undertaking in addition to an outline of greater than 1346 species and 235 genera belonging to the phylum Firmicutes, that are often known as the low mol% G+C Gram optimistic prokaryotes. significant taxa to be incorporated are Alicyclobacillus, Bacillus, Clostridium, Enterococcus, Erysipelothrix, Eubacterium, Haloanaerobium, Heliobacterium, Lachnospira, Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Listeria, Paenibacillus, Peptococcus, Ruminococcus, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Syntrophomonas, Thermoactinomyces, Thermoanaerobacter, Veillonella and 229 extra genera. comprises many medically and industrially vital taxa.
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Additional info for Bergey’s Manual® of Systematic Bacteriology: Volume Three The Firmicutes
1953. Dictionnaire des Bactéries Pathogènes. In Hauduroy, Ehringer, Guillot, Magrou, Prévot, Rossetti and Urbain (Editors), 2nd edn. Masson, Paris, pp. 692. Order I. la′les. L. masc. n. Bacillus type genus of the order; suff. L. fem. pl. n. Bacillales the Bacillus order. The delineation of the order of the Bacillales is based on 16S sequence analysis and consists of the families of Bacillaceae (which contains the type genus), Alicyclobacillaceae (fam. , this volume), Listeriaceae (fam. , this volume), Paenibacillaceae (fam.
A meso-DAP direct murein cross-linkage type is commonest, but l-Lys-d-Glu, Orn-d-Glu and l-Orn-d-Asp have occasionally been reported. Motile by means of peritrichous or degenerately peritrichous flagella, or nonmotile. Aerobes or facultative anaerobes, but a few species are described as strictly anaerobic. The terminal electron acceptor is oxygen, replaceable by alternatives in some species. Most species will grow on routine media such as nutrient agar and blood agar. Colony morphology and size very variable between and within species.
AlicyclobacillusVP (T) Family III. “Listeriaceae” Genus I. ListeriaAL (T) Genus II. BrochothrixAL Family IV. “Paenibacillaceae” Genus I. PaenibacillusVP (T) Genus II. AmmoniphilusVP Genus III. AneurinibacillusVP Genus IV. BrevibacillusVP Genus V. CohnellaVP Genus VI. OxalophagusVP Genus VII. ThermobacillusVP Family V. PasteuriaceaeAL Genus I. PasteuriaAL(T) Family VI. PlanococcaceaeAL Genus I. PlanococcusAL (T) Genus II. CaryophanonVP Genus III. FilibacterVP Genus IV. JeotgalibacillusVP Genus V.