Archaeology

Archaeology and the Social History of Ships - download pdf or read online

By Richard A. Gould

Maritime archaeology bargains with shipwrecks and is conducted by way of divers instead of diggers..It embraces maritime heritage and analyzes alterations in ship-building, navigation, and seamanship, and gives clean views at the cultures and societies that produced the ships and sailors. Drawing on certain previous and up to date case experiences, Richard A. Gould offers an up to date assessment of the sphere that comes with dramatic new findings coming up from better undersea applied sciences. This moment version of Archaeology and the Social heritage of Ships has been up to date all through to mirror new findings and new interpretations of outdated websites. the recent version explores advances in undersea expertise in archaeology, specifically remotely operated automobiles. The publication stories a few of the significant contemporary shipwreck findings, together with the Vasa in Stockholm, the Viking wrecks at Roskilde Fjord, and the massive.

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The Tift correspondence applied only to ships transporting construction materials to Fort Jefferson and Fort Taylor, but even if we did not have these documents we could tell from the archaeological remains of these wrecks that they were being pushed beyond their normal limits of use and were exposed to unusual hazards. They show physical signs of shortcuts in their operations and maintenance, such as hull patches, deadeyes made of pinewood (an inferior material for this purpose but likely to be available during a voyage), and massive amounts of cement mastic to stop bilge leaks and fill in rotted or missing internal elements of the ship’s wooden hull.

By 1912, wireless communications were seeing their earliest use at sea, and it is easy for us today to forget that, before the advent of long-range communication like wireless telegraphy, ships often vanished without any further indication of what happened. We shall return to this theme, but for now it is worth reflecting on how this technological change affected the shore-based societies that were involved, which is another sociocultural issue that needs to be considered when shipwreck events like the loss of the Titanic are examined.

In general, better opportunities for building inferences based on this assumption in land archaeology come from undisturbed tombs and burials. More commonly, land archaeologists encounter stratified deposits that reflect varying degrees of mixing and alteration of materials because of the operation of postdepositional factors, including later reoccupation or reuse of the site. Archaeologists who address this problem soon realize that what seem to be events in the archaeological record are actually processes that operated over time.

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