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Read e-book online An introduction to second language acquisition research PDF

By Diane Larsen-Freeman

Realizing how humans research and fail to profit moment and overseas languages is more and more known as a serious social and psycholinguistic factor. moment languages are very important to varied teams of individuals, starting from refugees to varsity scholars dealing with overseas language necessities. This e-book offers a synthesis of empirical findings on moment and overseas language studying by means of little ones and adults, emphasising the layout and execution of applicable research.

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E. outside of an environment where the second language is spoken natively, he or she would be acquiring it as a foreign language. In which environment the acquisition takes place is often related to the first variable, whether it takes place in a classroom or not, since foreign languages usually require instruction whereas second languages can often be 'picked up' 43 from the environment. In the second language acquisition field, however, and therefore in this book, we refer to both as instances of second language acquisition, taking up the differential effects of the two settings in Chapter 8.

In recent years, 11 million workers, primarily from Greece, Spain, Italy and Turkey, have left their homes and families to seek employment in the industrialized Western European countries. The migrant workers typically do not speak or understand the language of their new environment when they arrive. This has made for a number of social problems in the host community. It has also afforded a unique opportunity for SLA researchers to study what language is acquired, research about which we will learn more later.

Compare this with the 24 articles she counted for the two years 1979-80 in a topical area which was renamed second language acquisition - a four-fold growth! Given the vitality of the field today, it seems prudent to pause here to take stock of twenty years2 of SLA research and to see where we have been and where we are going. 4 The scope of second language acquisition research Focusing research efforts on the learner and learning process has not meant ignoring the effect of instruction on SLA.

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