By Gary McMahon
"Mining exploration funding within the Latin American and Caribbean area has elevated a hundred thirty percentage within the final 5 years, a determine which raises to 500 percentage, if Chile is excluded." Governments have remodeled mining laws to allow deepest funding whereas changing into extra delicate to environmental elements. In mild of this laws, this document examines the environmental results of artisanal, small, and medium mines in 3 Latin American nations: Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. 4 of crucial components to be thought of are: • The age of the mine • administration of tailings • The heterogeneity of the artisanal and small mine sectors • The expanding have to take cultural issues into consideration within the determination making approach. The paper comprises result of the stories at the numerous mining sectors, process and coverage techniques, and state learn summaries.
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Additional info for An environmental study of artisanal, small, and medium mining in Bolivia, Chile, and Peru, Volumes 23-429
In Chile, institutional changes with respect to the role and responsibilities of ENAMI could also help reduce air pollution. The overall conclusion of the study is that the medium mining sector is not very different from the large mining sector and, accordingly, should receive similar treatment with respect to environmental considerations. In addition, the number of firms in the MMS in the three countries is not so large as to make monitoring difficult or prohibitively expensive. Where significant environmental concerns exist, they are generally due to the 7.
A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing May 1999 Technical Papers are published to communicate the results of the Bank's work to the development community with the least possible delay. The typescript of this paper therefore has not been prepared in accordance with the procedures appropriate to formal printed texts, and the World Bank accepts no responsibility for errors. Some sources cited in this paper may be informal documents that are not readily available.
C) Artisanal and small mines form a very heterogeneous group. Those which are economically viable, including environmental costs, should be encouraged. Those which are not economically viable should not be encouraged or subsidized as such actions would only prolong uneconomic and polluting activities. Mining policy should not substitute for social policy. (d) Cultural and social considerations are increasingly important in the decision making process of the mining sector, from the perspectives of both business and government.