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Extra resources for Air-sea interaction: laws and mechanisms
47) where the first term on the right is the divergence of a quantity legitimately labeled entropy flux; the second term always negative, and equal to heat flux times temperature gradient, the local Flux-Force product, divided by T 2 . This is the local entropy source term in molecular heat conduction, discussed in greater detail by De Groot and Mazur (1984). Onsager’s theorem is clearly satisfied. 44 also √ conforms to this theorem if we take the Flux to be the interface heat flux, the force θ∞ / 2T 2 : the Flux-Force product is then the integral of the local entropy source on the air side.
Side by side with radiant transfers, the interface allows, and even facilitates through its complex topography, the passage of heat via the molecular processes of conduction and diffusion. Usually heat transfer proceeds from the ocean to the atmosphere (only under rare conditions in reverse) along two pathways, as “sensible” and latent heat transfer. Sensible heat raises or lowers air temperature, but is the junior partner: The bulk of the heat transfer from the world ocean to the atmosphere occurs via evaporation and the attendant transfer of latent heat.
This is the local entropy source term in molecular heat conduction, discussed in greater detail by De Groot and Mazur (1984). Onsager’s theorem is clearly satisfied. 44 also √ conforms to this theorem if we take the Flux to be the interface heat flux, the force θ∞ / 2T 2 : the Flux-Force product is then the integral of the local entropy source on the air side. 2 Sensible and Latent Heat Transfer 31 Transfer of Water Substance by Diffusion Sea to air latent heat transfer is accomplished by the water substance, as water molecules cross the interface by phase change.