By Lea Brown.
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Additional resources for A grammar of Nias Selatan
8) Il n'a pas pu parler à Paul Jean. (9) Il est allé au cinéma Jean. (10) Il a fait tomber un œuf Jean. (11) Il a envoyé une lettre à Paul Jean. (12) Il est parti sans sa serviette Jean. Ces six phrases sont elles aussi typiques du français de tous les jours, et il en est de même de ces deux questions: (13) Il est là j e a n ? (14) Il était bien le film? Considérons maintenant la version VSO correspondant aux exemples de (7) à (14): (15) *I1 a eu Jean un accident. (16) *Il n'a pas pu parler Jean à Paul.
1 As Berger and Luckman put it 1 For Schutz, we experience the external world in the guise of typifications, these constituting in effect classifications and categorizations; see for instance Schutz (1962:348). O N EXPLAINING L A N G U A G E C H A N G E 5 (1967:35): 'I apprehend the reality of everyday life as an ordered reality. ' 1 If this tendency to systematise and order were the only aspect of language and language change for which the historical linguist needed to account—which of course it is not—then I submit that changes observed could not only be insightfully described and to a considerable extent predicted, 2 but also explained', explained that is in terms of an inherent tendency of human beings to impose an order on the data which they encounter and experience, and to organise and re-organise the material at their disposal coherently and economically.
It seems to me that the explanation for this change cannot be found in Sino-Kor ean. According to my analysis of Ming Chinese, as reflected in the Hongmwucengwun Yekhwun (Annotated and Translated Version of the Hong-wu Zheng-yun), the palatal stops of Middle Chinese which correspond to the palatalized dental stops of fifteenth-cen tury Sino-Korean in Grade III are reflected as affricates in Ming Chinese (Baek, 1979), as in (7). Middle Chinese (7) III IV tV3 dia Ming Chinese tsi di 16th-cen tury SK tsi ti 'know' 'earth' It seems inevitable to assume that the affricates of Ming Chinese in Grade III were introduced to Korean people.