By Noonan, Michael
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This booklet, derived from the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's historic Languages, describes the traditional languages of Asia Minor, for the ease of scholars and experts operating in that sector. each one bankruptcy of the paintings specializes in someone language or, in a few cases, a suite of heavily comparable different types of a language.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Lango
With one exception, in surface citation forms this syllable must be L. The exception involves the subject prefixes of the progressive aspect, which (apart from the third person singular) surface as H. The latter are always followed by a stressed syllable that is L or, rarely, Ή. The following tone patterns are found in polysyllabic words: the stressed root vowel of a polysyllabic word may be either L, H, or HL. HL cannot be followed by L; Ή must be preceded by H; and H'H is, for all practical purposes, restricted to the stressed vowel of a verb in the subjunctive mood: it is always preceded by L and may be followed by H or L, the latter only if a geminate stop intervenes.
8 Non-productive alternations There are very few vowel alternations in Lango that are not obviously conditioned by vowel harmony. 1 [+ATR]/[-ATR] alternations in transitive and intransitive verb pairs For some transitive/intransitive verb pairs (Sec. 1, Sec. e. where the transitive stem has a [+ATR] vowel, but the intransitive has a [-ATR] vowel. For the examples in (1), there is no obvious conditioning factor for the [+ATR] in the intransitive form. At this stage in the history of the language, both the transtitive and intransitive stem must be lexicalized since the intransitive cannot be predicted from the transitive (or vice-versa).
Monkey' '(that) I see it' However, when phrase internal, unless said very carefully, they may become half-long or even short. When such a vowel loses its Nasalization 29 contour tone in tone sandhi, it becomes short: however, a vowel acquiring a contour tone in tone sandhi does not become long. 5) Vowels are lengthened before 'zero consonants' (Sec. 6). Compare the following where the vowel in pe 'not' lengthens to [pe·] because it is followed by the agent prefix a-, which has a zero consonant (Sec.