By Gail Maria Coelho
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Extra info for A grammar of Betta Kurumba
21 Cf. Comrie (1976:27, cited in Dahl 1995:413), “The feature that is common to all habituals ... 481) kaydda tan pyra oa baa popd. aa kayddi, kayddi madn kayddi-ai tana pyra oa bai-la po-pu-d emph forest inside path-dlc go-irf-sg bear-like an-ka kayddi kayddi madn 3sr-dat bear bear Madan “He would move like a bear along the paths in the forest. 614) In (21), it is used to refer to future events; (21a) involves a promise/threat to do something, (21b) involves a prediction/expectation about an event.
Number markers The second set of subject agreement suffixes encodes number alone, shown in (7). 7) /-d/ /-/ Singular Plural These suffixes are derived from the singular and plural nominalizers /-d, -/ (described in Chapter 5). Number after realis and irrealis themes for three verbs are shown in Table 11. 3. Special 1 markers st There are two suffixes that are used only with 1 person singular subjects. g. naw tarduani /tardu-t-ani/ ‘I opened (the door)’. g. 6 because they interact with aspect functions.
The three sets can be used interchangeably with, in some contexts, little discernible difference in meaning. This is exemplified in (30), which can have either the number marker /-d/, the PN marker /-i/, st or the special 1 marker /-ani/ without any significant change in meaning. P501) But their use in texts show that they are employed as a rhetorical device in narratives to make a contrast between dynamic or fast-changing events and static events with little change, or between long-lasting events and brief events.