By Dennis Freeborn
The examine of language in written texts and transcripts of speech is tremendously helped by way of a student's abilityBB to spot and describe these favourite gains of the grammar which make one number of English diverse from another. A direction publication in English Grammar seems at a number of the difficulties encountered by means of scholars and encourages them to discover their very own solutions and to evaluate hypotheses approximately grammatical description. There are actions at each one step, utilizing actual written and spoken information. utilizing 'real' texts avoids the faking of proof to be present in a few conventional grammar books, and engaging difficulties of research that come up in such texts are a resource of precious dialogue. The ebook has been completely revised and increased for this moment variation, which incorporates extra chapters and fabric. a brand new commencing bankruptcy discusses the concept that of 'grammatically right English' and the variations among descriptive, prescriptive and proscriptive ways to the writing of grammar books. The ebook is a scientific description of ordinary English, and examples of latest spoken dialectal grammar are brought and analysed to demonstrate the diversities among average and nonstandard utilization. A direction ebook in English Grammar will end up worthwhile to all scholars of English Language.
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Additional info for A Course Book in English Grammar: Standard English and the Dialects
5 Some examples from the collection can be found in D. Freeborn, P. French and D. Langford, Vorletieso(£nglish, 2nd edn, 1993, pp. 9-10. Here are some more: (i) Identify and describe the 'bad grammar' in each sentence. (Ii) Discuss whether you think each example is in fact ungrammatical. (iii) Read the versions corrected by the author of the textbook. and discuss whether his corrections are correct or necessary. The 'right answers' are printed at the end of this chapter 1 2 3 4 5 He is stronger than me.
Similarly, sentences 2 and 3 could have been written as a single sentence: We walk down the street and we go to the supermarket. So propositions can be written and spoken as single sentences, or linked by and to form longer sentences. In fact, the text of Shopping seems rather artificial, because we don't usually talk in a series of simple sentences. The problem is that if a single proposition is processed in the grammar as a simple sentence, and yet it is possible to link a whole series of them together in a long complex sentence, we have to talk about sentences within sentences.
It is one more example of confusion between pronunciation, spelling and grammar. 1 Rules in descriptive grammar A rule in descriptive grammar is not invented and imposed by linguists in the cause of good English, but 'an observed regularity' in the language. For example, it is a rule of StE and many dialects that verbs in the present tense take the suffix -s to agree with a 3rd person singular subject: /, you, we, they take, but he, she, it takes. In East Anglia, dialect speakers say he, she, it take.